Consumption of complement and activation of human neutrophils by an artificial immune complex: Polyacrylic acid-IgG-polymer

Rainer J. Klauser, Gottfried Schmer, Wayne Chandler, Wolfgang Müller

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Scopus citations

Abstract

An artificial immune complex consisting of IgG covalently bound to polyacrylic acid (PAIGP) was prepared and investigated for its influence on a number of immunological reactions attributed to natural immune complexes. PAIGP consumed complement in a fast reaction. Complement consumption was complete after 10 min of incubation of guinea-pig serum with PAIGP. The concentration of PAIGP for 50% consumption was 2.3 μg/ml. PAIGP induced a chemiluminescence response in human peripheral polymorphonuclear leukocytes. This response was elicited in the absence and presence of serum and in whole blood. The response was maximal for leukocytes in the absence of serum and rather low in whole blood. The induction of chemiluminescence by PAIGP was inhibited by monoclonal antibodies to one of the Fc receptors of leukocytes (anti-Leu 11B), while unrelated antibodies had no influence on the chemiluminescence induced by PAIGP. PAIGP also stimulated the production of superoxide anion by polymorphonuclear leukocytes. The efficacy of PAIGP in stimulation of superoxide production was comparable to phorbol myristate acetate (PMA) and opsonized zymosan. PAIGP induced the discharge of elastase, a constituent of the azurophile granules of PMN leukocytes. Here, PAIGP was a rather weak stimulus compared to opsonized zymosan. PMA proved unable to induce elastase release. Thus, PAIGP induced a number of biological reactions usually brought about by naturally occurring antigen antibody complexes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)408-415
Number of pages8
JournalBBA - Molecular Cell Research
Volume1052
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - May 22 1990

Keywords

  • (Human leukocyte)
  • Immune complex
  • Polyacrylic acid-IgG-polymer

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology
  • Biophysics

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