Constitutive Laws for Normal Stiffness and Thermal Resistance of a Contact Element

B. A. Schrefler, G. Zavarise

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Scopus citations


Abstract: The contact element formulation presented considers microscopically mechanisms of force transmission and heat exchange together with coupling between thermal and mechanical fields. Experimentally and theoretically well founded micro‐mechanical and micro‐thermal laws are adapted to FEM consistent linearization necessities. Based on these laws the nonlinear macroscopic related stiffness is calculated as a function of changes in significant parameters. Examples related to industrial applications are shown.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)299-308
Number of pages10
JournalComputer-Aided Civil and Infrastructure Engineering
Issue number4
StatePublished - 1993

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Computer Graphics and Computer-Aided Design
  • Computational Theory and Mathematics


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