Computer-assisted three-dimensional surgical planning and simulation: 3D color facial model generation

James J. Xia, Dongfeng Wang, Nabil Samman, Richie Wai Kit Yeung, Henk Tideman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

57 Scopus citations


A scheme for texture mapping a 3D individualized color photo-realistic facial model from real color portraits and CT data is described. First, 3D CT images including both soft and hard tissues should be reconstructed from sequential CT slices, using a surface rendering technique. Facial features are extracted from 3D soft tissue. A generic mesh is individualized by correspondence matching and interpolation from those feature vertices. Three digitized color portraits with the "third" dimension from reconstructed soft tissue are blended and texture-mapped onto the 3D head model (mesh). A color simulated human head generated from frontal, right and left real color portraits can be viewed from an arbitrary angle in an inexpensive and user-friendly conventional personal computer. This scheme is the basic procedure in 3D computer-assisted simulation surgery.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2-10
Number of pages9
JournalInternational Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 1 2000


  • 3D color facial mapping
  • 3D facial model
  • 3D reconstruction
  • Computer graphics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Dentistry(all)
  • Otorhinolaryngology
  • Surgery


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