Computed tomography-guided percutaneous biopsy for vertebral neoplasms: A department's experience and hybrid biopsy technique to improve yield

Vasant Garg, Christos Kosmas, Enambir S. Josan, Sasan Partovi, Nicholas Bhojwani, Nathan Fergus, Peter C. Young, Mark R. Robbin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective Recent articles have identified the poor diagnostic yield of percutaneous needle biopsy for vertebral osteomyelitis. The current study aimed to confirm the higher accuracy of CT-guided spinal biopsy for vertebral neoplasms and to identify which biopsy technique provides the highest yield. Methods Over a 9-year period, the radiology department at University Hospitals Case Medical Center performed 222 CT-guided biopsies of vertebral lesions, of which clinicians indicated a concern for vertebral neoplasms in 122 patients. A retrospective chart review was performed to confirm the higher sensitivity of the percutaneous intervention for vertebral neoplasms. Results A core sample was obtained for all 122 biopsies of concern (100.0%). Only 6 cases (4.9%) were reported as nondiagnostic per histological sampling, and 12 cases (9.8%) were negative for disease. The question of vertebral neoplastic involvement warrants follow-up, and the current study was able to determine the subsequent diagnosis of each lesion. Of the 122 total, 94 (77.0%) core samples provided true-positive results, and the sensitivity of core biopsy measured 87.9%. The technical approach did not demonstrate any significant difference in diagnostic yield. However, when the vertebral cortex was initially pierced with a coaxial bone biopsy system and subsequently a 14-gauge spring-loaded cutting biopsy needle was coaxially advanced into lytic lesions, 14 true positives were obtained with a corresponding sensitivity of 100.0%. Conc lusions This study confirms the higher sensitivity of image-guided percutaneous needle biopsy for vertebral neoplasms. In addition, it demonstrates how the use of a novel cutting needle biopsy approach, performed coaxially through a core biopsy track, provides the highest yield.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numberE17
JournalNeurosurgical focus
Volume41
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 2016

Keywords

  • CT-guided biopsy
  • Hybrid biopsy technique
  • Vertebral neoplasms

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Clinical Neurology

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