Composite active drag control in turbulent channel flows

Jie Yao, Xi Chen, Fazle Hussain

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations


A composite drag control (CDC) combining the opposition (OC) and spanwise opposed wall-jet forcing (SOJF) methods is studied in a turbulent channel flow via direct numerical simulation of the incompressible Navier-Stokes equations. A maximum drag reduction of about 33% is obtained for CDC - much higher than that produced by either individual method (namely, 19% for SOJF and 23% for OC). Due to the small power input required for both OC and SOJF methods, a significant net power saving (about 32%) is achieved via CDC. Flow analysis shows that CDC can take advantage of both OC and SOJF methods to better suppress drag producing near-wall turbulent structures - vortices and streaks. In particular, due to the presence of the large-scale coherent swirls generated by SOJF, it is more effective than OC in suppressing the random turbulence. Moreover, due to the OC's role in suppressing random small-scale turbulence, CDC requires weaker large-scale coherent swirls than those using SOJF only - hence decreasing the drag contribution associated with large-scale swirls. In summary, our results suggest prospects of employing composite control strategy for effective skin friction drag reduction, particularly at very high Reynolds numbers.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number054605
JournalPhysical Review Fluids
Issue number5
StatePublished - May 2021

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computational Mechanics
  • Modeling and Simulation
  • Fluid Flow and Transfer Processes


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