Purpose Reconstruction of large, complex abdominal wall hernias is an ongoing challenge. Primary closure of such hernias is often not possible. The components separation technique (CST) is a practical option, however, recurrence rates remain unacceptably high. In an attempt to reduce recurrences, we added a biologic underlay mesh and a lightweight polypropylene onlay mesh to the traditional CST. Methods Patients with a large hernia defect with or without multiple recurrences were selected to undergo a CST augmented with an acellular porcine dermal collagen mesh underlay. Following midline abdominal closure, a lightweight, large-pore polypropylene onlay mesh was fixed to the abdominal fascia. The skin and subcutaneous layers were closed over two sump drains and two closed suction drains. Results Fifty-one patients underwent a mesh-reinforced CST from May 2006 to June 2010. The study population averaged 57.9 ± 1.5 years of age with 24 males and 27 females, BMI of 34.3 ± 0.9 kg/m2, ASA score of 2.62 ± 0.08, 29 % were smokers, 29 % were diabetic, and 69 % had at least one previous abdominal wall hernia repair. Operative time averaged 196.5 ± 7.2 min with a blood loss of 318 ± 24 mL, and average hernia defect size of 301 ± 31 cm 2. Length of follow-up averaged 20.6 ± 2.1 months; surgical site occurrences were identified in 39 %, most commonly from skin necrosis. Hernia recurrence rate was 3.9 %. Conclusions Repair of large, complex abdominal wall hernias by CST augmented with a biologic underlay mesh and a lightweight polypropylene onlay mesh results in lower recurrence rates compared to historical reports of CST alone.
- Biologic mesh
- Components separation technique
- Ventral hernia
ASJC Scopus subject areas