Complications Of Peri-Operative Ureteral Catheter Placement: Experience at A Major Cancer Center

Albert A. Geskin, O. Lenaine Westney, William J. Graber, Thomas G. Smith, Brian F. Chapin, Justin R. Gregg

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate risks of peri-operative ureteral catheter placement in a consecutive patient-series.

METHODS: Patients who underwent peri-operative ureteral catheter placement at a single institution in 2018 were included. A retrospective review was conducted to evaluate patient and procedure related characteristics, including data on technique, perceived placement difficulty, operative details, and complications.

OUTCOME MEASUREMENTS AND STATISTICAL ANALYSIS: Urologic complications within 30 days were evaluated using the Clavien-Dindo system. Statistical analysis for association was conducted using the X2 test or fisher's exact tests.

RESULTS: 413 patients were included. 50/413 (12.1%) cases had urologic complications within 30 days. 43 were Clavien-Dindo grade I-II. Six were grade III. 5/6 patients had oliguric, obstructive AKI. One had flank pain with hydronephrosis. Two patients each underwent placement of unilateral nephrostomy tube, bilateral double-J stent placement, and unilateral stent placement. One patient had a Grade V complication. They developed multi-system organ failure including renal failure with hydronephrosis.All patients who required re-intervention had bilateral peri-operative catheterization with use of a wire. Intraoperative difficulty with placement was associated with high-grade complication (P<.01)). Limitations include retrospective,single center study design.

CONCLUSIONS: Rate of acute complication following ureteral catheter placement is 12%. 1.7% of patients develop post-operative ureteral obstruction requiring intervention within 30 days. Future studies are needed to determine patients most at risk for post-ureteral stent complication.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)88-93
Number of pages6
JournalUrology
Volume164
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2022

Keywords

  • Humans
  • Hydronephrosis/etiology
  • Neoplasms/complications
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Stents/adverse effects
  • Ureter/surgery
  • Ureteral Obstruction/etiology
  • Urinary Catheters/adverse effects

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Urology

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