Comparison of two cyclosporine formulations in healthy volunteers: Bioequivalence of the new Sang-35 formulation and neoral

Timothy J. Schroeder, Moo J. Cho, Gary M. Pollack, Robert Floc'h, Hana Berger Moran, Ralph Levy, Linda W. Moore, Philippe Pouletty

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

24 Scopus citations

Abstract

This study was conducted to establish bioequivalence between a newly developed oral cyclosporine formulation, Sang-35 (SangStat Medical Corp., Menlo Park, CA), and the microemulsion formulation Neoral (Novartis Pharmaceuticals, East Hanover, NJ). In a randomized, open-label, two-way crossover study, 36 fasted, healthy male volunteers received a single 500-mg cyclosporine dose formulated either as Sang-35 or Neoral. Mean are under the concentration-time curve to infinity (AUC(0-‰)) for Sang-35 was 13,900 μg·hr/L compared with 14,000 μg·hr/L for Neoral, with a 90% confidence interval (CI) of 96% to 103% for the geometric mean ratio of the two formulations. Mean maximum concentration (C(max)) was 1,690 μg/L for Sang- 35 and 1,700 μg/L for Neoral, with a 90% CI of 96% to 103%. Geometric mean ratios for both AUC(0-∞) and C(max) were within the acceptance criteria for bioequivalence (80-125%). Additional studies showed no differences between Sang-35 and Neoral after high-fat meals (n = 19), in female volunteers (n = 25) and in black volunteers (n = 7). It is concluded that single doses of the oral cyclosporine formulations Sang-35 and Neoral are bioequivalent in healthy fasted subjects, after high-fat meals, in women, and in blacks.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)807-814
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Clinical Pharmacology
Volume38
Issue number9
StatePublished - Sep 1 1998

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology
  • Pharmacology (medical)

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