Hybridization of EcoRI- and HindIII-digested chromosomal DNAs from 41 isolates of Enterococcus faecalis with probes for rRNA genes was performed (ribotyping). The ability of ribotyping to distinguish strains at the subspecies level was compared with results previously determined by pulsed- field gel electrophoresis (PFGE). With EcoRI, seven ribopatterns (usually differing by only one band) were found, while PFGE had previously shown 25 clearly different patterns plus six related variants. Digestion with HindIII generated a few additional patterns but still failed to differentiate some strains that had very different PFGE patterns. Ribotyping with BscI has also been reported to be inadequate for subspecies strain differentiation (L. M. Hall, B. Duke, M. Guiney, and R. Williams, J. Clin. Microbiol. 30:915-919, 1992). Although ribotyping with other restriction endonucleases may perform better in distinguishing different strains, at present PFGE appears to be superior for strain differentiation.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Microbiology (medical)