Comparison of optical coherence tomography and scanning laser polarimetry measurements in patients with multiple sclerosis

Amanda Quelly, Han Cheng, Michal Laron, Jade S. Schiffman, Rosa A. Tang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Scopus citations

Abstract

Purpose. To compare optical coherence tomography (OCT) and scanning laser polarimetry (GDx) measurements of the retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL) in multiple sclerosis (MS) patients with and without optic neuritis (ON). Methods. OCT and GDx were performed on 68 MS patients. Qualifying eyes were divided into two groups: 51 eyes with an ON history ≥6 months before (ON eyes) and 65 eyes with no history of ON (non-ON eyes). Several GDx and OCT parameters and criteria were used to define an eye as abnormal, for example, GDx nerve fiber indicator (NFI) >20 or 30, OCT average RNFL thickness, and GDx temporal-superior-nasal-inferior-temporal average (TSNIT) below 5 or 1% of the normative database of the instruments. Agreement between OCT and GDx parameters was reported as percent of observed agreement, along with the AC1 statistic. Linear regression analyses were used to examine the relationship between OCT average RNFL thickness and GDx NFI and TSNIT. Results. All OCT and GDx measurements showed significantly more RNFL damage in ON than in non-ON eyes. Agreement between OCT and GDx parameters ranged from 69 to 90% (AC1 0.37 to 0.81) in ON eyes and 52 to 91% (AC1 = 0.21 to 0.90) in non-ON eyes. Best agreement was observed between OCT average RNFL thickness (p < 0.01) and NFI (>30) in ON eyes (90%, AC1 = 0.81) and between OCT average RNFL thickness (p < 0.01) and GDx TSNIT average (p < 0.01) in non-ON eyes (91%, AC1 = 0.90). In ON eyes, the OCT average RNFL thickness showed good linear correlation with NFI (R2 = 0.69, p < 0.0001) and TSNIT (R2 = 0.55, p < 0.0001). Conclusions. OCT and GDx show good agreement and can be useful in detecting RNFL loss in MS/ON eyes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)576-584
Number of pages9
JournalOptometry and Vision Science
Volume87
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2010

Keywords

  • axonal loss
  • GDx
  • multiple sclerosis
  • OCT
  • optic neuritis
  • retinal nerve fiber layer

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ophthalmology
  • Optometry
  • Medicine(all)

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