Comparison of angiographic and IVUS derived coronary geometric reconstructions for evaluation of the association of hemodynamics with coronary artery disease progression

Lucas H. Timmins, Jin Suo, Parham Eshtehardi, David S. Molony, Michael C. McDaniel, John N. Oshinski, Don P. Giddens, Habib Samady

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Scopus citations

Abstract

Wall shear stress (WSS) has been investigated as a prognostic marker for the prospective identification of rapidly progressing coronary artery disease (CAD) and atherosclerotic lesions likely to gain high-risk (vulnerable) characteristics. The goal of this study was to compare biplane angiographic vs. intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) derived reconstructed coronary geometries to evaluate agreement in geometry, computed WSS, and association of WSS and CAD progression. Baseline and 6-month follow-up angiographic and IVUS imaging data were collected in patients with non-obstructive CAD (n = 5). Three-dimensional (3D) reconstructions of the coronary arteries were generated with each technique, and patient-specific computational fluid dynamics models were constructed to compute baseline WSS values. Geometric comparisons were evaluated in arterial segments (n = 9), and hemodynamic data were evaluated in circumferential sections (n = 468). CAD progression was quantified from serial IVUS imaging data (n = 277), and included virtual-histology IVUS (VH-IVUS) derived changes in plaque composition. There was no significant difference in reconstructed coronary segment lengths and cross-sectional areas (CSA), however, IVUS derived geometries exhibited a significantly larger left main CSA than the angiographic reconstructions. Computed absolute time-averaged WSS (TAWSSABS) values were significantly greater in the IVUS derived geometries, however, evaluations of relative TAWSS (TAWSSREL) values revealed improved agreement and differences within defined zones of equivalence. Associations between VH-IVUS defined CAD progression and angiographic or IVUS derived WSS exhibited poor agreement when examining TAWSSABS data, but improved when evaluating the association with TAWSSREL data. We present data from a small cohort of patients highlighting strong agreement between angiographic and IVUS derived coronary geometries, however, limited agreement is observed between computed WSS values and associations of WSS with CAD progression.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1327-1336
Number of pages10
JournalInternational Journal of Cardiovascular Imaging
Volume32
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2016

Keywords

  • Computational fluid dynamics
  • Coronary artery disease
  • Hemodynamic
  • Intravascular ultrasound
  • Quantitative coronary angiography
  • Wall shear stress

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Comparison of angiographic and IVUS derived coronary geometric reconstructions for evaluation of the association of hemodynamics with coronary artery disease progression'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this