Comparative in-vitro activity of LY146032 and eight other antibiotics against gram-positive bacteria isolated from children

Mark W. Kline, Edward Mason, Sheldon Kaplan, Linda B. Lamberth, Gail S. Johnson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

10 Scopus citations

Abstract

LY 146032, a cyclic peptide antibiotic active against many gram-positive baceria, was compared to methicillin, vancomycin, clindamycin, cefuroxime and gentamicin against methicillin-resistant and methicillin-susceptible strains of Staphylococcus aureus and Staph. epidermidis. LY 146032 was uniformly active against clinical isolates of staphylococci, inhibiting 90% of strains of Staph. aureus and Staph. epidermidis at a concentration of 0.5 mg/l. Vancomycin was slightly less active than LY 146032 against Staph. aureus and Staph. epidermidis, inhibiting 90% of strains at concentrations of 1.0 and 2.0 mg/l, respectively. All other antibiotics tested were less active than LY 146032 or vancomycin against staphylococci. LY 146032 was compared to penicillin, ampicillin, vancomycin and chloramphenicol against strains of Streptococcus pneumoniae, group B streptococcus, group D streptococcus (enterococcus) and Listeria monocytogenes and was found to inhibit 90% of the strains at concentrations of 0.25, 1.0, 32.0 and 16.0 mg/l respectively. The combination of LY 146032 and chloramphenicol was antagonistic in vitro for one strain each of Staph. aureus and group D streptococcus and showed indifference against other strains of Staph. aureus(2), Staph. epidermidis(2), group D strepotococcus(1) and L. monocytogenes(2). LY 146032 in combination with gentamicin showed indifference against the same bacteria. On the basis of its in-vitro activity, LY 146032 appears to be a promising agent for the treatment of serious community- and hospital-acquired staphylococcal infections.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)203-207
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy
Volume20
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1987

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology
  • Microbiology (medical)
  • Infectious Diseases
  • Pharmacology (medical)

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