This placebo-controlled, double-blind, longitudinal crossover study compares the efficacy of disopyramide and ethmozine, a new investigational drug, in suppressing frequent (40 or more per hour) ventricular premature depolarizations (VPDs) in 27 patients completing a 37-day protocol. Although both drugs significantly reduced VPDs relative to placebo, ethmozine was a superior antiarrhythmic drug in achieving near-total abolition of VPDs (30% of patients), which was never observed during disopyramide dosing (p < .05). At the 80% VPD reduction level, ethmozine was effective in 56% of all patients with an effectiveness in only 22% of patients during disopyramide therapy (p < .05). The mean peak plasma level of ethmozine was 0.66 ± 0.8 μg/ml, which significantly fell to a trough level of 0.1 ± 0.08 μg/ml (p < .001). Mean peak and trough plasma levels of disopyramide exhibited less fluctuation (2.6 ± 0.9 μg/ml vs 2.2 ± 0.9 μg/ml). Ethmozine had no effect on the QT(c) interval, whereas disopyramide prolonged it significantly. Importantly, while disopyramide produced serious side effects in 30% of patients, ethmozine was well tolerated with no statistically significant side effects compared with placebo.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
- Physiology (medical)