Comparative analysis of the feline immunoglobulin repertoire

Sebastian C.J. Steiniger, Jacob Glanville, Douglas W. Harris, Thomas L. Wilson, Gregory C. Ippolito, Steven A. Dunham

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

Next-Generation Sequencing combined with bioinformatics is a powerful tool for analyzing the large number of DNA sequences present in the expressed antibody repertoire and these data sets can be used to advance a number of research areas including antibody discovery and engineering. The accurate measurement of the immune repertoire sequence composition, diversity and abundance is important for understanding the repertoire response in infections, vaccinations and cancer immunology and could also be useful for elucidating novel molecular targets. In this study 4 individual domestic cats (Felis catus) were subjected to antibody repertoire sequencing with total number of sequences generated 1079863 for VH for IgG, 1050824 VH for IgM, 569518 for VK and 450195 for VL. Our analysis suggests that a similar VDJ expression patterns exists across all cats. Similar to the canine repertoire, the feline repertoire is dominated by a single subgroup, namely VH3. The antibody paratope of felines showed similar amino acid variation when compared to human, mouse and canine counterparts. All animals show a similarly skewed VH CDR-H3 profile and, when compared to canine, human and mouse, distinct differences are observed. Our study represents the first attempt to characterize sequence diversity in the expressed feline antibody repertoire and this demonstrates the utility of using NGS to elucidate entire antibody repertoires from individual animals. These data provide significant insight into understanding the feline immune system function.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)81-87
Number of pages7
JournalBiologicals
Volume46
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2017

Keywords

  • Amino acid composition
  • Antibody engineering
  • Feline antibody repertoire
  • Immunoglobulin heavy chain complementary-determining region 3

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biotechnology
  • Bioengineering
  • Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
  • Immunology and Microbiology(all)
  • Pharmacology

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Comparative analysis of the feline immunoglobulin repertoire'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this