Combining radiotherapy and immunotherapy for prostate cancer: two decades of research from preclinical to clinical trials

Ying Huang, Wei Chen, Bin Teh, E. Brian Butler

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The combination of radiation therapy and immunotherapy is a novel therapeutic approach for prostate cancer. Preclinical evidence has shown that ionizing radiation can have immunostimulatory effects. Ionizing radiation can also
affect the tumor microenvironment, enhance infiltration of activated Tcells, and trigger an inflammatory process. Together, the combined radio-immunotherapy can enhance cancer cell kill and stimulate the host immune system, providing
improved local and systemic control as well as prolongation of survival. The goal of combining radiation therapy with immunotherapy is also to improve cancer cure without an increase in treatment-related toxicity. The combined approach
offers a new paradigm, whereby two local therapies, i.e., radiotherapy and in situ immunotherapy, are combined to elicit both local and systemic effects. Herein, we review the rationale for combining radiation and different immunotherapies,
the interactions between tumors and the immune system, as well as immunological and abscopal effects of ionizing radiation. The preclinical and clinical trials of combined radiation therapy and immunotherapy for prostate cancer are reviewed. This combined approach holds promise in the management of prostate cancer.
Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)365-375
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Radiation Oncology
Volume4
DOIs
StateE-pub ahead of print - Dec 9 2015

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