Combined liver and kidney transplantation in Guangzhou, China

Xiao Feng Zhu, Xiaoshun He, Gui Hua Chen, Li Zhong Chen, Chang Xi Wang, Jie Fu Huang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: When liver or kidney transplant can respectively cure end-stage liver or kidney disease, neither hepatic graft nor renal transplant alone can be used as a radical therapy for diseases which involve both liver and kidney. Combined liver and kidney transplantation commenced late in China, and the number of transplants has been limited. This study was designed to assess the effects of simultaneous combined liver and kidney transplantation (SLKT) on end-stage liver and kidney diseases. Methods: Fifteen patients who had received SLKT from 1996 to 2006 in the First Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-Sen University were reviewed. They included 5 patients with polycystic liver and kidney, 5 patients with hepatic cirrhosis and renal failure, and 5 patients with fulminant hepatic failure and hepatorenal syndrome (11 men and 4 women; average age 43.5 years). All patients had combined liver and kidney transplantation. Results: The 5 patients with polycystic liver and kidney have survived for more than one year after SLKT, and the longest survival has been 5 years. Three of the 5 patients with hepatic cirrhosis and renal failure have survived more than two years; one died perioperatively and the other died from recurrence of hepatitis B 18 months after the operation. Three of the 5 patients with fulminant hepatic failure and hepatorenal syndrome have survived for two years, and 2 died of multiple organ failure during the operation. Conclusions: SLKT is an effective therapy for end-stage liver and kidney disease but the indications of SLKT for hepatorenal syndrome should be strict. SLKT may immunologically protect the renal graft.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)585-589
Number of pages5
JournalHepatobiliary and Pancreatic Diseases International
Volume6
Issue number6
StatePublished - Dec 1 2007

Keywords

  • Combined liver and kidney transplantation
  • Fulminant hepatitis
  • Hepatorenal syndrome
  • Polycystic liver and kidney

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hepatology
  • Gastroenterology

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