CoIR: Compressive Implicit Radar

Sean M. Farrell, Vivek Boominathan, Nathaniel Raymondi, Ashutosh Sabharwal, Ashok Veeraraghavan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Using millimeter wave (mmWave) signals for imaging has an important advantage in that they can penetrate through poor environmental conditions such as fog, dust, and smoke that severely degrade optical-based imaging systems. However, mmWave radars, contrary to cameras and LiDARs, suffer from low angular resolution because of small physical apertures and conventional signal processing techniques. Sparse radar imaging, on the other hand, can increase the aperture size while minimizing the power consumption and read out bandwidth. This paper presents CoIR, an analysis by synthesis method that leverages the implicit neural network bias in convolutional decoders and compressed sensing to perform high accuracy sparse radar imaging. The proposed system is data set-agnostic and does not require any auxiliary sensors for training or testing. We introduce a sparse array design that allows for a <inline-formula><tex-math notation="LaTeX">$5.5\times$</tex-math></inline-formula> reduction in the number of antenna elements needed compared to conventional MIMO array designs. We demonstrate our system&#x0027;s improved imaging performance over standard mmWave radars and other competitive untrained methods on both simulated and experimental mmWave radar data.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1-12
Number of pages12
JournalIEEE Transactions on Pattern Analysis and Machine Intelligence
StateAccepted/In press - 2023


  • Arrays
  • compressed sensing
  • Image resolution
  • Imaging
  • implicit neural representations
  • Millimeter wave communication
  • mmWave imaging
  • Radar
  • Radar antennas
  • Radar imaging
  • sparse array radar

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Software
  • Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition
  • Computational Theory and Mathematics
  • Artificial Intelligence
  • Applied Mathematics


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