Quercetin (Que) is a natural multifunctional bioflavonoid, and has shown great potential for reducing adverse side effects and enhancing anti-tumor efficacy of chemotherapeutic drugs. However, its clinical application is limited due to very low solubility and structural instability in physiological systems. Herein, we co-delivered hydrophobic quercetin and hydrophilic doxorubicin (Dox) by developing a biocompatible nanocarrier comprising of an amphiphilic polymer, methoxy poly(ethylene glycol) and poly(D, L-lactide-co-glycolide), respectively. The anti-tumor and prophylactic efficacy of this system was evaluated in cellular and animal models. Our findings illustrated that the Dox-Que nanoparticulate formulation protected normal vascular endothelial cells from either free or nanoparticulate doxorubicin-induced cytotoxicity and increased cancer cell death. Compared with free doxorubicin and its nanoformulation, co-delivery of quercetin and doxorubicin using our nanosystem synergistically inhibited tumor growth, while maintaining normal levels of cardiac function indicators in serum and recovering the histopathological damages in heart tissue. This study demonstrates a promising strategy for enhancing anti-cancer drug efficacy and reducing nanoparticulate chemotherapy-induced toxicity on normal tissues.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||10|
|State||Published - Nov 1 2016|
- Cancer therapy
- Polymeric nanoparticles
ASJC Scopus subject areas