We have identified and characterized a mouse brain calcitonin receptor (CTR) complementary DNA (cDNA). This cDNA encodes a receptor protein that, after expression, has high affinity binding for salmon calcitonin (K(d)~, 12.5 nM) and is coupled to adenylate cyclase. The binding affinity of this expressed receptor for salmon calcitonin is lower than that described for the previously cloned porcine renal and human ovarian CTRs, but is similar to that of the recently described rat brain CTR, designated the C1b form of the receptor. Analysis of the deduced structure of the mouse brain CTR reveals that it is highly related to the other CTR cDNAs that belong to a distinct family of G-protein-coupled receptors with seven transmembrane- spanning domains. The major structural feature that distinguishes the mouse cDNA clone from the other CTRs is the presence of a consecutive 111- basepair nucleotide sequence that encodes a 37-amino acid sequence which is predicted to localize to the first extracellular loop between the second and third transmembrane-spanning domains. We have mapped the CTR gene in the mouse to the proximal region of chromosome 6, which is homologous to the 7q region of human chromosome 7; only a single CTR gene was identified. Preliminary analysis of the mouse CTR gene reveals that it is complex, consisting of multiple exons separated by lengthy introns that would allow for splice variants consistent with the existence of multiple CTR isoforms predicted from the CTR cDNA clones. The differential cellular and tissue distribution of these functionally distinct CTR isoforms provides the molecular basis for the previously reported widespread distribution and functional heterogeneity of the CTR.
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