Background: Clinical outcomes of percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in patients with saphenous vein grafts (SVGs) remain poor despite the use of drug-eluting stents (DES). There is a disparity in clinical outcomes in SVG PCI based on various registries, and randomized clinical data remain scant. We conducted a meta-analysis of all existing randomized controlled trials (RCTS) comparing bare-metal stents (BMS) and DES in SVGPCIs. Hypothesis: PCI in patients with SVG disease using DES may reduce need for repeat revascularization without an excess mortality when compared to BMS. Methods: An aggregate data meta-analysis of clinical outcomes in RCTs comparing PCI with DES vs BMS for SVGs reporting at least 12 months of follow-up was performed. A literature search between Janurary 1, 2003 and September 30, 2011 identified 4 RCTs (812 patients; DES = 416, BMS = 396). Summary odds ratio (OR) and 95% confidence interval (CI) were calculated using the random-effects model. The primary endpoint was all-cause mortality. Secondary outcomes included nonfatal myocardial infarction (MI), repeat revascularization, and major adverse cardiac events (MACE). These outcomes were assessed in a cumulative fashion at 30 days, 18 months, and 36 months. Results: There were no intergroup differences in baseline clinical and sociodemographic characteristics. At a median follow-up of 25 months, patients in the DES and BMS group had similar rates of death (OR: 1.63, 95% CI: 0.45-5.92), MI (OR; 0.83, 95% CI: 0.27-2.60), and MACE (OR: 0.58, 95% CI: 0.25-1.32). Patients treated with DES had lower rates of repeat revascularization (OR: 0.40, 95% CI: 0.22-0.75). Conclusions: In this comprehensive meta-analysis of all RCTs comparing clinical outcomes of PCI using DES vs BMS in patients with SVG disease, use of DES was associated with a reduction in rate of repeat revascularization and no difference in rates of all-cause death and MI.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine