Endocrine disrupting chemicals (EDCs), such as environmental estrogens, are hypothesized to be associated with a global decrease in sperm counts, other male reproductive tract problems and increasing rates of female breast cancer. Results of human population studies do not support the association between certain organochlorine EDCs and female breast cancer. Moreover, there is minimal evidence linking EDCs or exposure to other environmental chemicals with male reproductive tract problems. With the exception of the increasing incidence of testicular cancer, it is also questionable whether male reproductive tract problems are increasing, decreasing or unchanged. However, several studies report large differences in sperm count and quality and other endocrine-related problems within countries and regions, but the environmental, dietary and/or lifestyle factors responsible remain unknown.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism