Clinical Case of the Month: PERSISTENT HYPERTENSION IN A YOUNG WOMAN: A CLASSIC PRESENTATION OF CONN'S SYNDROME

Gretchen Yandle, Derek J. Vonderhaar, Theepha Thayalakulasingam, Arthur Zieske, David Smith, Lee S. Engel, Robert Richards, Fred A. Lopez

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Primary aldosteronism PA is a secondary cause of hypertension that is often missed due to inadequate clinical evaluation and the lack of classically described laboratory abnormalities. Based on guidelines from the Endocrine Society, primary aldosteronism should be suspected in young patients with moderate to severe hypertension, patients with hypertension and coexisting hypokalemia, any patient with hypertension and an incidental adrenal adenoma, and hypertension in the setting of a significant family history of early onset hypertension or cerebral vascular accident in a first degree relative less than 40 years of age.1 In previous years, primary aldosteronism was attributed to less than one percent of all causes of secondary hypertension. However, recent research and increased utilization of aldosterone plasma renin ratio ARR as a method for screening has led to the understanding that majority of patients with PA are not hypokalemic, and the current literature now places the incidence of PA between 5-13 percent. Additionally, a growing body of evidence has demonstrated inflammatory, fibrotic, and remodeling effects on the cardiovascular and renal tissue that appear to be independent of PA- induced hypertension. Therefore a high suspicion for PA must be incorporated into evaluation of hypertensive patients, as diagnosis and subsequent treatment not only improves blood pressure control, but also acts to diminish cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. Here we present a case of a young woman with a seven-year history of hypertension prior to receiving a diagnosis of Conn's Syndrome.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)23-26
Number of pages4
JournalThe Journal of the Louisiana State Medical Society : official organ of the Louisiana State Medical Society
Volume168
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 1 2016

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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