Climate change and cardiovascular disease: implications for global health

Haitham Khraishah, Barrak Alahmad, Robert L. Ostergard, Abdelrahman AlAshqar, Mazen Albaghdadi, Nirupama Vellanki, Mohammed M. Chowdhury, Sadeer G. Al-Kindi, Antonella Zanobetti, Antonio Gasparrini, Sanjay Rajagopalan

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

87 Scopus citations


Climate change is the greatest existential challenge to planetary and human health and is dictated by a shift in the Earth’s weather and air conditions owing to anthropogenic activity. Climate change has resulted not only in extreme temperatures, but also in an increase in the frequency of droughts, wildfires, dust storms, coastal flooding, storm surges and hurricanes, as well as multiple compound and cascading events. The interactions between climate change and health outcomes are diverse and complex and include several exposure pathways that might promote the development of non-communicable diseases such as cardiovascular disease. A collaborative approach is needed to solve this climate crisis, whereby medical professionals, scientific researchers, public health officials and policymakers should work together to mitigate and limit the consequences of global warming. In this Review, we aim to provide an overview of the consequences of climate change on cardiovascular health, which result from direct exposure pathways, such as shifts in ambient temperature, air pollution, forest fires, desert (dust and sand) storms and extreme weather events. We also describe the populations that are most susceptible to the health effects caused by climate change and propose potential mitigation strategies, with an emphasis on collaboration at the scientific, governmental and policy levels.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)798-812
Number of pages15
JournalNature Reviews Cardiology
Issue number12
StatePublished - Dec 2022

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine


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