Cleavage stimulating factor 64 depletion mitigates cardiac fibrosis through alternative polyadenylation

Rahul Neupane, Keith Youker, Hari Krishna Yalamanchili, Katarzyna A. Cieslik, Harry Karmouty-quintana, Ashrith Guha, Rajarajan A. Thandavarayan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations


Alternative polyadenylation (APA) regulates gene expression by cleavage and addition of poly(A) sequence at different polyadenylation sites (PAS) in 3′UTR, thus, generating transcript isoforms with different lengths. Cleavage stimulating factor 64 (CstF64) is an APA regulator which plays a role in PAS selection and determines the length of 3′UTR. CstF64 favors the use of proximal PAS, resulting in 3′UTR shortening, which enhances the protein expression by increasing the stability of the target genes. The aim of this study is to investigate the role of CstF64 in cardiac fibrosis, a key event leading to heart failure (HF). We determined the expression of CstF64, key profibrotic genes, and their 3′UTR changes by calculating distal PAS (dPAS) usage in left ventricular (LV) tissues and cardiac fibroblasts from HF patients. CstF64 was upregulated in HF LV tissues and cardiac fibroblasts along with increased deposition of fibrosis genes such as COL1A and FN1 and significant shortening in their 3′UTR. In addition, HF cardiac fibroblasts showed increased transforming growth factor receptor β1 (TGFβR1) expression consistent with significant shortening in 3'UTR of TGFβR1. Upon knockdown of CstF64 from HF fibroblasts, downregulation in pro-fibrotic genes corresponding to lengthening in their 3′UTR was observed. Our finding suggests an important role of CstF64 in myofibroblast activation and promotion of cardiac fibrosis during HF through APA. Therefore, targeting CstF64 mediated RNA processing approach in human HF could provide a new therapeutic treatment strategy for limiting fibrotic remodeling.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)109-114
Number of pages6
JournalBiochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Early online dateJan 29 2022
StatePublished - Mar 15 2022


  • 3′UTR
  • Alternative polyadenylation
  • Fibrosis
  • Heart failure
  • Myofibroblast

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biophysics
  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology


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