The Southwest Oncology Group tested an outpatient Cis-platinum regimen in patients with carcinoma of the head and neck. Courses which consisted to two doses, a week apart, were schedules to be given at 4-week intervals. Eighty-nine poor risk head and neck cancer patients, who had received extensive prior therapy with surgery, radiation, and/or multiple drugs were studied. Sixteen (18% of all entered and 25% of the 65 fully evaluable) had objective tumor regression. The median duration of response was 136 days. Toxicity was moderate. Myelosuppression was minimal with only 3% of patients exhibiting leukocyte nadirs below 2,000 and less than 2% experiencing platelet counts below 50,000. Significant, but reversible, impairment of renal function occurred in 8% of patients. Individual susceptibility to such renal toxicity appears to have been predictable. This simple outpatient program with its effectiveness and minimal toxicity in poor risk patients deserves further utilization.
- head and neck cancer
- two dose
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
- Cancer Research