The presence of ciliated epithelial cells in the urethra has not been well recognized. Only two reports in the literature, both of which used scanning microscopy studies, have described this phenomenon. In this report, we illustrate the presence of scattered, ciliated epithelial cells in penile urethral biopsy specimens from a 38-year-old man with a history of bladder calculi and hematuria, by both light and transmission electron microscopy studies. The cilia in the urethra showed typical light microscopic and ultrastructural features of those seen in other organs. These ciliated cells are present in association with urothelial papilloma, condyloma acuminatum and acute inflammation of the urethra. These findings suggest that ciliated cells in the penile urethra might be a consequence of metaplastic change of the urothelium, secondary to local stimulation or irritation.
- Ciliated cells
- Condyloma acuminatum
- Urothelial papilloma
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pathology and Forensic Medicine