Cigarette smoking and subsequent risk of suicidal ideation among National Guard Soldiers

Renee D. Goodwin, Marta R. Prescott, Marijo Tamburrino, Joseph R. Calabrese, Israel Liberzon, Sandro Galea

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

15 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Suicide rates are alarmingly high among military personnel, and particularly Army National Guard soldiers. Smoking is also disproportionately common in the military. In this study, we intend to investigate the relationship between cigarette smoking and suicidal ideation among a representative sample of national guard soldiers. Methods: A representative sample of Ohio Army National Guard soldiers were followed prospectively and information was gathered on smoking, suicidal ideation and depression at baseline and one year later. Results: Smoking at baseline was associated with significantly increased likelihood of suicidal ideation at follow-up (OR=2.0 (1.3, 3.2)). This association persisted after adjusting for demographics and history of depression at baseline, but was no longer statistically significant after adjusting for depression at follow-up. Limitations: Measurement of smoking was somewhat limited. Conclusions: Army National Guard soldiers who smoke have a greater risk of subsequent suicidal ideation. Depression concurrent with suicidal ideation appears to explain this relationship. If these results are replicated, screening of soldiers who smoke may be recommended as a proactive step towards mitigating the high risk of suicide in military personnel.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)111-114
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of Affective Disorders
Volume145
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 15 2013

Keywords

  • Depression
  • Epidemiology
  • Military
  • Smoking
  • Suicide

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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