Chronic restraint stress alters the expression and distribution of phosphorylated tau and MAP2 in cortex and hippocampus of rat brain

Jie Yan, Xiao Bo Sun, Hong Quan Wang, Hong Zhao, Xiao Yan Zhao, Yu Xia Xu, Jing Chun Guo, Cui Qing Zhu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

33 Scopus citations

Abstract

Microtubule-associated proteins (MAPs) play a critical role in maintaining normal cytoskeletal architecture and functions. In the present study, we aim to explore the effects of the emotional stressor, chronic restraint stress, on the expression levels and localization of tau and MAP2. We found that after chronic restraint stress, soluble hyperphosphorylated tau was greatly increased, whereas MAP2 was decreased. Moreover, immunohistochemistry analysis demonstrated that phosphorylated tau and MAP2 displayed the similar subcellular distribution pattern after chronic restraint stress. Robust hyperphosphorylated tau immunolabeling was observed both in cortex and hippocampus of stressed animals and mainly located to perikaryal/dendritic elements. After stress, the MAP2 was mainly distributed in the perikaryal compartments, discontinuous dendrites and neuropil. Moreover, the distribution pattern of MAP2 in hippocampus significantly changed. Immunofluorescence double labeling indicated that hyperphosphorylated tau increased in the regions where there displayed an decrease of MAP2. These results suggest that the involvement of repeated restraint stress may not only induce phosphorylation state of tau and distribution of phosphorylated tau, but also alter the content and neuronal distribution of MAP2. Tau and MAP2 are most important MAPs for neuronal cells, the subcellular distribution change of them might be link to functional change of neurons after emotional stress.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)132-141
Number of pages10
JournalBrain Research
Volume1347
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 6 2010

Keywords

  • Chronic restraint stress
  • MAP2
  • Phosphorylation
  • Tau

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Developmental Biology
  • Molecular Biology

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