Chronic prostatitis/chronic pelvic pain syndrome (CP/CPPS) is frustrating for both clinicians and patients. The prostate is not scientifically proven to cause the symptoms of CP/CPPS, yet the prostate continues to be the diagnosis of convenience in this complex syndrome in men. However, if the pain is not of prostatic origin, what causes it? A heterogeneous group of insults can result in a common neurogenic pain response, resulting in recurring pain and voiding or sexual dysfunction. To add to this dilemma, certain life-threatening diagnoses, such as carcinoma-in-situ, are in the differential diagnosis and must be excluded. Urodynamics may be useful in evaluating and treating patients whose voiding symptoms predominate, such as those with concomitant overactive bladder symptoms. However, many patients with CP/CPPS will not have measurable abnormalities by conventional methods and likely suffer from a functional somatic syndrome that is best treated with a multimodality approach.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology