Chronic Kidney Disease: Definition, Epidemiology, Cost, and Outcomes

Tariq Shafi, Josef Coresh

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

4 Scopus citations


Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a general term covering heterogeneous disorders with an overarching definition of having markers of kidney damage or decreased glomerular filtration rate (GFR). This definition has been widely accepted and unchanging since 2002. The staging of CKD now places GFR categories and albuminuria categories on an equal footing and relates them to risk of an increasing range of outcomes. The prevalence of CKD is recognized to be high globally at over 10%. Data quality is still a limited but improving and trends suggest an increase globally with some plateau in the rise in high income countries with an already high burden of disease.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationChronic Kidney Disease, Dialysis, and Transplantation
Subtitle of host publicationA Companion to Brenner and Rector’s The Kidney
ISBN (Electronic)9780323529785
StatePublished - Jan 1 2018


  • Albuminuria (ACR)
  • Chronic kidney disease (CKD)
  • Costs
  • Global burden of disease
  • Glomerular filtration rate (GFR)
  • Incidence
  • Prevalence
  • Proteinuria

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)


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