Chronic Disease Self-Management Program in the workplace: Opportunities for health improvement

Matthew Lee Smith, Mark G. Wilson, David M. DeJoy, Heather Padilla, Heather Zuercher, Phaedra Corso, Robert Vandenberg, Kate Lorig, Marcia G. Ory

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Disease management is becoming increasingly important in workplace health promotion given the aging workforce, rising chronic disease prevalence, and needs to maintain a productive and competitive American workforce. Despite the widespread availability of the Chronic Disease Self-Management Program (CDSMP), and its known health-related benefits, programadoption remains lowinworkplace settings. The primary purpose of this study is to compare personal and delivery characteristics of adults who attended CDSMP in the workplace relative to other settings (e.g., senior centers, healthcare organizations, residential facilities).This study also contrasts characteristics of CDSMP workplace participants to those of the greater United States workforce and provides recommendations for translating CDSMP for use in work place settings. Data were analyzed from 25,664 adults collected during a national dissemination of CDSMP. Only states and territories that conducted workshops in workplace settings were included in analyses (nD13 states and Puerto Rico). Chi-squared tests and t -tests were used to compare CDSMP participant characteristics by delivery site type. CDSMP workplace participant characteristics were then compared to reports from the United States Bureau of Labor Statistics. Of the 25,664 CDSMP participants in this study, 1.7% (nD435) participated in workshops hosted in worksite settings. Compared to CDSMP participants in non-workplace settings, workplace setting participants were significantly younger and had fewer chronic conditions. Differences were also observed based on chronic disease types. On average, CDSMP workshops in workplace settings had smaller class sizes and workplace setting participants attended more work-shop sessions. CDSMP participants in workplace settings were substantially older and a larger proportion were female than the general United States workforce. Findings indicate opportunities to translate CDSMP for use in the workplace to reach new target audiences.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number179
JournalFrontiers in Public Health
Volume2
Issue numberAPR
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 27 2015

Keywords

  • Chronic disease self-management
  • Evaluation
  • Evidence-based program
  • Translational research
  • Workplace wellness

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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