Chromosome 3p tumor-suppressor gene alterations in cervical carcinomas

Christopher R. Herzog, Keith A. Crist, Carol L.K. Sabourin, Gary J. Kelloff, Charles W. Boone, Gary D. Stoner, Ming You

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Scopus citations


Loss of heterozygosity (LOH) on chromosome 3p is a common event in cervical cancer and typically occurs in a dispersed pattern involving several loci. This implies that more than one resident tumor-suppressor gene is involved in the genesis of these tumors; however, specific targets remain to be identified. The region of 3p14.2-pter encompasses a region of frequent loss and contains at least three tumor-suppressor genes: fragile histidine triad (FHIT), transforming growth factor-β receptor II (TβR-II), and Von Hippel-Lindau. To identify those loci within 3p14.2-pter that are important in cervical cancer, invasive tumors were first subjected to high-density LOH analysis. With 25 microsatellite markers, LOH was detected in seven of 15 cervical carcinomas (47%). Losses always included markers mapping to 3p22, and markers at this location were exclusively lost in two tumors, implicating this as a site of a cervical tumor-suppressor gene. Because it is a known tumor-suppressor gene located at 3p22 and thus a potential target for inactivation in these tumors, the TβR-II gene was subsequently screened for mutation and altered expression levels. Whereas no tumor-derived mutations were detected in any of the tumors, six of ten tumors showed TβR-II transcript levels reduced by ≥50% when compared with normal cervical epithelium. Nine of 15 (60%) tumors exhibited LOH at 3p22 or reduced expression of TβR-II, suggesting that reduced TβR-II levels contribute to cervical tumorigenesis. Two cases exhibited silent germline polymorphisms of TβR-II: one corresponding to a C1167T transversion and the other to an A1266G transition. The FHIT gene, which is located at 3p14.2, also frequently incurred LOH and abnormal transcription in these tumors. LOH of FHIT was observed in five of the 15 tumors analyzed. Neither mutations nor homozygous deletions of FHIT were detected in the tumors. However, aberrantly short transcripts of the FHIT gene were evident in six of nine (67%) tumors. Only one of these also displayed LOH, indicating that this gene was altered in at least 10 of 15 (67%) tumors. These results provide evidence that the inactivation of two known tumor-suppressor genes, TβR-II and FHIT, on chromosome 3p is involved in cervical carcinogenesis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)159-168
Number of pages10
JournalMolecular Carcinogenesis
Issue number3
StatePublished - 2001


  • 3p
  • Cervical carcinoma
  • Fragile histidine triad
  • Loss of heterozygosity
  • Transforming growth factor-β
  • type II receptor

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Cancer Research


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