Chromosomal localization of the myelin-associated oligodendrocytic basic protein and expression in the genetically linked neurological mouse mutants ducky and tippy

Andreas Holz, Marcus Frank, Neal G. Copeland, Debra J. Gilbert, Nancy A. Jenkins, Martin E. Schwab

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

11 Scopus citations

Abstract

The alternatively spliced cDNAs encoding the myelin- associated/oligodendrocytic basic proteins (MOBPs) have recently been identified in rat. The Mobp gene maps to the distal part of mouse chromosome 9 at a region syntenic with the human chromosome 3p22p21.3. Two nonallelic mouse mutants, tippy and ducky, with severe neurological phenotypes map to the vicinity of the Mobp locus. We therefore tested whether MOBP malfunction could explain the tippy and ducky defects. In tippy mutant animals. MOBP expression and that of other myelin markers were indistinguishable from wild type. The ultrastructure of tippy myelin was shown to be normal. Ducky animals showed a slight reduction of the brain size, most evident in the spinal core, but normal progress of myelination. Both MOBP and myelin basic protein expression were lowered only regionally in the CNS, but were mostly normal in the anterior parts of the brain. Ultrastructurally, ducky myelin appeared normal. MOBP transcript sizes and the molecular weights of the encoded proteins were shown to be normal in both mutants. Finally, the nucleotide sequence of the abundant MOBP-81 cDNA was determined and compared with tippy and ducky MOBP-81. Wild-type mouse MOBP-81 protein was 99% identical to the rat homologue, and tippy and ducky MOBP-81 were identical to the wild-type sequence. Our results suggest that alterations in the Mobp gene are not the cause for the severe neurological phenotypes of ducky and tippy mice.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1801-1809
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Neurochemistry
Volume69
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1997

Keywords

  • Chromosomal localization
  • Dysmyelination
  • Expression
  • In situ hybridization
  • Myelin gene
  • Oligodendrocytes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience

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