Loss of folate receptor-α function is associated with cerebral folate transport deficiency and childhood-onset neurodegeneration. To clarify the mechanism of cerebral folate transport at the blood-cerebrospinal fluid barrier, we investigate the transport of 5-methyltetrahydrofolate in polarized cells. Here we identify folate receptor-α-positive intralumenal vesicles within multivesicular bodies and demonstrate the directional cotransport of human folate receptor-α, and labelled folate from the basolateral to the apical membrane in rat choroid plexus cells. Both the apical medium of folate receptor-α-transfected rat choroid plexus cells and human cerebrospinal fluid contain folate receptor-α-positive exosomes. Loss of folate receptor-α-expressing cerebrospinal fluid exosomes correlates with severely reduced 5-methyltetrahydrofolate concentration, corroborating the importance of the folate receptor-α-mediated folate transport in the cerebrospinal fluid. Intraventricular injections of folate receptor-α- positive and-negative exosomes into mouse brains demonstrate folate receptor-α-dependent delivery of exosomes into the brain parenchyma. Our results unravel a new pathway of folate receptor-α-dependent exosome-mediated folate delivery into the brain parenchyma and opens new avenues for cerebral drug targeting.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
- Physics and Astronomy(all)