Chondrosarcoma of the pelvis: Prognostic factors for 67 patients treated with definitive surgery

Dhiren S. Sheth, Alan W. Yasko, Mark E. Johnson, Alberto G. Ayala, John A. Murray, Marvin M. Romsdahl

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

131 Scopus citations

Abstract

BACKGROUND. Chondrosarcoma (CS) most commonly involves the pelvis. Local and systemic failures often result in poor outcome. Prognostic factors that deter mine patient outcome remain ill-defined. METHODS. We retrospectively analyzed 67 patients with CS of the pelvis treated by definitive surgery from January 1970 to December 1992. All patients had localized disease including Grade 1 (19 patients), Grade 2 (18 patients), Grade 3 (17 patients), and dedifferentiated (13 patients) tumors. Thirty-two patients underwent a limb sparing surgical resection and 35 patients underwent hemipelvectomy. Follow- up was available for all patients. The median duration of follow-up for the survivors was 115 months (range, 24-288 months). RESULTS. At last follow-up, 52% of the patients were disease free, 8% were alive with disease, 36% died of disease, and 4% died of other causes. Nineteen patients (28%) had developed a local recurrence (LR). The median time to LR was 23 months (range, 1-111 months). Independent variables in a multivariate analysis associated with increased risk of I.R included inadequate surgical margin, tumor epicenter in the pubis, and high grade histology. LR did not influence overall patient survival. Twenty three patients (36%) developed distant metastases at a median time of 9 months (range, 1-111 months) postoperatively. Metastases developed in 0% of the patients with Grade 1, 20% of the patients with Grade 2 60% of the patients with tirade 3 and 75% of patients with dedifferentiated CS. On multivariate analysis, histologic high grade was the only significant predictive variable for distant relapse (P = 0.005). CONCLUSIONS. The critical issue for a favorable outcome in low grade CS of the pelvis is adequate surgical excision (i.e., negative surgical margin). The high rate of systemic failure in high grade and dedifferentiated CS, despite adequate surgery, emphasizes the need for more effective systemic therapy.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)745-750
Number of pages6
JournalCancer
Volume78
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 15 1996

Keywords

  • chondrosarcoma
  • distant relapse
  • local relapse
  • pelvis
  • prognostic factors

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cancer Research
  • Oncology

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