Choanal atresia and associated anomalies: the CHARGE association

Newton Duncan, Robert H. Miller, Francis I. Catlin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

45 Scopus citations


Over the past few years there has been increasing awareness of the association of choanal atresia with other congenital defects. Thirty-one cases of choanal atresia were reviewed and other congenital anomalies were documented in 19 patients. These other anomalies were identified in 75% of the 20 patients with bilateral choanal atresia but in only 36% of the 11 patients with unilateral choanal atresia. Associated defects largely occurred in a predictable pattern described by the CHARGE mnemonic: C-coloboma, H-heart disease, A-atresia choanae, R-retarded growth, G-genital hypoplasia, E-ear defects. The implications of the CHARGE association in the management of patients with choanal atresia are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)129-135
Number of pages7
JournalInternational Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
Issue number2
StatePublished - May 1988


  • CHARGE association
  • Choanal atresia
  • Multiple congenital anomalies

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Otorhinolaryngology


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