Chemotherapeutically induced deletion of expanded triplet repeats

Vera I. Hashem, Richard R. Sinden

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

21 Scopus citations

Abstract

The number of neurodegenerative disorders associated with the expansion of DNA repeats, currently about 18, continues to increase as additional diseases caused by this novel type of mutation are identified. Typically, expanded repeats are biased toward further expansion upon intergenerational transmission, and disease symptoms show an earlier age of onset and greater severity as the length of the triplet repeat tract increases. Most diseases exhibit progressive neurological and/or muscular degeneration that can lead to total disability and death. As yet, no treatment exists for the genetic basis of any repeat disease. Given that the severity of these diseases is related to repeat tract length, reducing repeat lengths might delay the onset and reduce disease severity. Here, we test the hypothesis that the introduction of damage into DNA, which results in subsequent repair events, can lead to an increased rate of repeat deletion. Applying a sensitive genetic assay in Escherichia coli [Mut. Res. 502 (2002) 25], we demonstrate that certain DNA damaging agents, including EMS, ENU, UV light, and anticancer agents mitomycin C, cisplatin, and X-rays increase the rate of deletion of (CTG)·(CAG) repeats in a length and orientation dependent fashion. In addition, oxidative damage to DNA also increases the deletion rate of repeats. These results suggest that a chemotherapeutic approach to the reduction in triplet repeat length may provide one possible rationale to slow, stop, or reverse the progression of these diseases.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)107-119
Number of pages13
JournalMutation Research - Fundamental and Molecular Mechanisms of Mutagenesis
Volume508
Issue number1-2
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 31 2002

Keywords

  • Drug-induced deletion mutagenesis
  • Repeat deletion
  • Repeat instability
  • Replication slippage
  • Template slippage
  • Triplet repeats

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Genetics
  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis

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