Chemotaxis of human induced pluripotent stem cell-derived endothelial cells

Ngan F. Huang, Ruby E. Dewi, Janet Okogbaa, Jerry C. Lee, Abdul JalilRufaihah, Sarah C. Heilshorn, John P. Cooke

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

14 Scopus citations

Abstract

This study examined the homing capacity of human induced pluripotent stem cell-derived endothelial cells (iPSC-ECs) and their response to chemotactic gradients of stromal derived factor-1α (SDF). We have previously shown that EC derived from murine pluripotent stem cells can home to the ischemic hindlimb of the mouse. In the current study, we were interested to understand if ECs derived from human induced pluripotent stem cells are capable of homing. The homing capacity of iPSC-ECs was assessed after systemic delivery into immunodeficient mice with unilateral hindlimb ischemia. Furthermore, the iPSC-ECs were evaluated for their expression of CXCR4 and their ability to respond to SDF chemotactic gradients in vitro. Upon systemic delivery, the iPSC-ECs transiently localized to the lungs but did not home to the ischemic limb over the course of 14 days. To understand the mechanism of the lack of homing, the expression levels of the homing receptor, CXCR4, was examined at the transcriptional and protein levels. Furthermore, their ability to migrate in response to chemokines was assessed using microfluidic and scratch assays. Unlike ECs derived from syngeneic mouse pluripotent stem cells, human iPSC-ECs do not home to the ischemic mouse hindlimb. This lack of functional homing may represent an impairment of interspecies cellular communication or a difference in the differentiation state of the human iPSC-ECs. These results may have important implications in therapeutic delivery of iPSC-ECs.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)510-520
Number of pages11
JournalAmerican Journal of Translational Research
Volume5
Issue number5
StatePublished - 2013

Keywords

  • CXCR4
  • Endothelial cells
  • Hindlimb ischemia
  • Homing
  • Induced pluripotent stem cells
  • SDF-1

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)
  • Cancer Research
  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Molecular Medicine

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