Characterization of ventral incisional hernia and repair using shear wave elastography

Anuj Chaudhry, Joseph S. Fernandez-Moure, Peer Shafeeq Shajudeen, Jeffrey L. Van Eps, Fernando J. Cabrera, Bradley K. Weiner, Brian J. Dunkin, Ennio Tasciotti, Raffaella Righetti

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background To assess the integrity of hernia repair, imaging modalities such as computed tomography or ultrasound (US) are commonly used. Neither modality has currently the capacity to simultaneously image the mesh and quantify a prosthetic and surrounding tissue stiffness. In this pilot study, we hypothesize that US shear wave elastography (SWE) can be used to identify a polyester mesh and a biologic graft and to assess their stiffness noninvasively in a rat model of bridging hernia repair. Methods Lewis rats underwent hernia creation and repair with Parietex or Strattice at 30 d. After 3 mo, the animals were euthanized, and the Young's Modulus was measured using SWE. Three-dimensional reconstructions of the hernia pre- and post-repair were performed using in-house image processing algorithms. Results SWE was capable of accurate and real-time assessment and diagnosis of the hernia defects in vivo. Young's Modulus of Parietex meshes and Strattice grafts as estimated from the shear wave elastograms were found to be statistically different from each other (P < 0.05). Accurate three-dimensional reconstructions of the hernia defects pre- and post-repair were generated. Conclusions In this study, we demonstrate the feasibility of using US SWE to detect ventral hernias and evaluate mesh repair in vivo. Our results indicate that the presence of a hernia and repair can be reliably visualized by SWE and three dimensionally reconstructed. Thus, this technique may provide both structural and functional information regarding the hernia and the repair.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)244-252
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Surgical Research
Volume210
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1 2017

Keywords

  • 3D imaging
  • Elastography
  • Hernia
  • Mesh
  • Prosthesis
  • Shear wave elastography
  • Ultrasound

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery

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