This retrospective study characterized the recurring ventricular arrhythmias with an electrogram-storing defibrillator in survivors of sudden cardiac death who had no inducible sustained ventricular arrhythmias at baseline electrophysiologic testing (EPS). The study group was composed of 24 selected patients with documented ventricular fibrillation (VF) without need of revascularization or chronic antiarrhythmic therapy. The EPS protocol usually consisted of three extrastimuli at two drive cycles at two right ventricular sites. Nonischemic cardiomyopathy was the most frequent structural abnormality (n = 11) followed by coronary artery disease (n = 7). The mean ejection fraction was 0.37 ± 0.13. Cardiac status did not appear to change during a mean follow-up period of 16.4 ± 12.5 months, and eight (33%) patients received appropriate shocks in that time period. On the basis of intracardiac electrograms, 7 (88%) patients experienced VF and 1 (12%) patient had ventricular tachycardia as the first recurring arrhythmia. Four patients had additional recurrences and all were VF episodes. VF was usually present from the onset of the arrhythmia. In addition, 9 (38%) patients had nonsustained ventricular arrhythmias that were solely VF in 6 (67%). In conclusion, VF of sudden onset was the most frequent recurring sustained ventricular arrhythmia in this group.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine