In order to develop a molecular probe to delineate chemical and biological characteristics of human neuroblastoma cells, a murine monoclonal antibody (Mab 5G3) was produced that is directed to a glycoprotein, preferentially expressed on the surface of such cells. This antibody is of IgG2a isotype, has an association constant of 8 x 109 M-1, and reacts preferentially with human neuroblastoma cell lines and fresh frozen tissue sections in enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay and immunoperoxidase assays, respectively. Minimal reactivity is observed with a variety of lymphoblastoid cell lines and normal fetal and adult tissues. Mab 5G3 specifically recognizes a neuroblastoma target glycoprotein antigen of 215 kDa that is derived form a 200-kDa precursor, as evident from pulse-chase biosynthetic studies. Treatment with tunicamycin revealed that both molecules contain N-asparagine-linked oligosaccharides; however, only the 215-kDa species is resistant to treatment with endo-β-acetylglucosaminidase H and sensitive to neuroaminidase, indicating that it contains trimmed and terminally sialylated oligosaccharides of the 'complex' type. In contrast, the 200-kDa precursor is sensitive to endo-β-N-acetylglucosaminidase H and resistant to neuraminidase treatment indicating that it contains high-mannose nonprocessed oligosaccharides. The 215-kDa molecule is sulfated, phosphorylated at serine residues, and expressed on the cell surface. A molecule of 200 kDa is detected by Mab 5G3 in spent culture medium of human neuroblastoma cells which is neither sulfated nor phosphorylated.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Journal of Biological Chemistry|
|State||Published - 1986|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology