Characterization of a toothpaste containing bioactive hydroxyapatites and in vitro evaluation of its efficacy to remineralize enamel and to occlude dentinal tubules

Lorenzo Degli Esposti, Andrei C. Ionescu, Eugenio Brambilla, Anna Tampieri, Michele Iafisco

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

Demineralization of dental hard tissues is a well-known health issue and the primary mechanism responsible for caries and dentinal hypersensitivity. Remineralizing toothpastes are nowadays available to improve conventional oral care formulations regarding the prevention and repair of demineralization. In this paper, we analyzed the chemical-physical features of a commercial toothpaste (Biosmalto Caries Abrasion and Erosion, Curasept S.p. A., Saronno, Italy), with particular attention paid to the water-insoluble fraction which contains the remineralizing bioactive ingredients. Moreover, the efficacy of the toothpaste to induce enamel remineralization and to occlude dentinal tubules has been qualitatively and semiquantitatively tested in vitro on human dental tissues using scanning electron microscopy and X-ray microanalysis. Our results demonstrated that the water-insoluble fraction contained silica as well as chitosan and poorly crystalline biomimetic hydroxyapatite doped with carbonate, magnesium, strontium, and fluoride ions. The formulation showed excellent ability to restore demineralized enamel into its native structure by epitaxial deposition of a new crystalline phase in continuity with the native one. It was also able to occlude the dentinal tubules exposed completely by acid-etching. Overall, this study demonstrated that the tested toothpaste contained a biomimetic ionic-substituted hydroxyapatite-based active principle and that, within the in vitro conditions analyzed in this study, it was effective in dental hard tissue remineralization.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number2928
Pages (from-to)1-13
Number of pages13
JournalMaterials
Volume13
Issue number13
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1 2020

Keywords

  • Caries
  • Dental hypersensitivity
  • Dentin
  • Enamel
  • Fluoride
  • Hydroxyapatite
  • Remineralization
  • Toothpaste

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)

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