Wound healing complications have been observed in patients receiving sirolimus (SLR). This study examined the degree and duration of delayed healing in various protocols using SLR. Sprague-Dawley rats underwent a standard midline abdominal incision and wound closure. Groups of 6 rats each were randomized to receive different doses of SLR (2 and 5 mg/kg) with or without loading dose (10 mg/kg ×3 days), and with or without steroids (20 mg/kg ×3 days followed by 5 mg/kg for 2 weeks). Rats were humanely killed on postoperative days 5, 10, or 15. Wound breaking force was measured using the EHMI BIAX-II instrument and tensile strength was calculated. Wounds in control animals had gradual increase in tensile strength during the 15-day observation. In contrast, high and loading doses of SLR caused reduction in wound strength until day 10, but the wounds' tensile strength became equivalent to control by day 15. The addition of steroids prolonged wound recovery with low doses of SLR until day 15 and had very profound effects on healing in high-dose SLR-treated animals (>50% reduction) that continued beyond the 2 weeks of observation. Low doses of SLR in non-steroid-treated animals had a short-term (5-day) impact on wound healing; high dose and loading doses delayed healing for 10 to 15 days. The addition of steroids had a synergistic effect on delayed wound healing, particularly in animals receiving high-dose SLR, which demonstrated prolonged wound weakness. These results may provide practical guidelines for postoperative introduction of SLR in the context of various clinical protocols.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||2|
|State||Published - Dec 2006|
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