Cervical Disc Arthroplasty: A Comprehensive Review of Single-Level, Multilevel, and Hybrid Procedures

Joseph L. Laratta, Jamal N. Shillingford, Comron Saifi, K. Daniel Riew

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

42 Scopus citations

Abstract

Study Design: Systematic review. Objectives: Degenerative disc disease and spondylosis resulting in radiculopathy and retrodiscal myelopathy are among the most frequently encountered cervical spinal disorders. Traditionally, anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF) has successfully achieved neural decompression and restored intradiscal height in these conditions. Unfortunately, nonunion and iatrogenic adjacent segment pathology associated with fusion procedures in the cervical spine has led to an interest in motion-preserving procedures. Cervical disc arthroplasty (CDA) was developed in hopes of preserving cervical biomechanics while mitigating the complications associated with ACDF. Through a systematic review of both published and ongoing studies on single- and multilevel CDA, and hybrid surgeries, we aim to provide evidence for their safety and efficacy in the treatment of various cervical pathologies. Methods: A systematic search of several large databases, including Cochrane Central, PubMed, ClinicalTrials.gov, and the World Health Organization International Clinical Trials Registry was conducted to identify published studies and ongoing clinical trials on CDA and hybrid surgery. Results: Among the relevant studies reviewed, 3 were randomized controlled trials, 2 systematic reviews, as well as multiple prospective case series, biomechanical studies, and meta-analyses. Conclusion: Over the past decade, multiple high-quality studies have shown that single-level CDA can offer equivalent clinical outcomes with a reduction in secondary procedures and total cost when compared to ACDF. However, more recently there has been an increasing prevalence of 2-level CDA and hybrid surgery. Although the data regarding these multilevel procedures is less robust, it appears that they may be as effective as their single-level counterparts.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)78-83
Number of pages6
JournalGlobal Spine Journal
Volume8
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 2018

Keywords

  • ACDF
  • cervical disc arthroplasy
  • hybrid surgery
  • multilevel

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
  • Clinical Neurology

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