Cerebrospinal fluid nitrite/nitrate correlated with oxyhemoglobin and outcome in patients with subarachnoid hemorrhage

Konrad Rejdak, Axel Petzold, Martyn A. Sharpe, Andrew D. Kay, Mary Kerr, Geoff Keir, Edward J. Thompson, Gavin Giovannoni

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

24 Scopus citations


The findings of various studies reporting temporal changes in CSF total nitrite/nitrate (NOx) levels after subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) vary considerably. The study group comprised 10 patients with SAH and 10 control subjects. Total nitrite/nitrate concentration was measured by a vanadium-based assay with the colorimetric Griess reaction. CSF oxyhemoglobin level was assessed by spectrophotometry. After an initial peak (22.6±10. 1 μM) within first 24 h after SAH, CSF NOx decreased gradually during the period of observation. There was a significant correlation between CSF concentrations of NOx and OxyHb in the entire observation period (R=0.87, p<0.001). When the impact of bleeding into CSF was considered, patients with very good outcome [Glasgow Outcome Scale (GOS)=5] had significantly lower CSF NOx (11.1±1.3 μM) than those with worse outcome (GOS<5) (21.8±11.2 μM, p<0.01). In conclusion, this study demonstrates that after aneurysm rupture CSF NOx levels correlate with OxyHb. We suggest this as a novel interpretation of other variable findings in relation to NO metabolites in the central nervous system (CNS) post SAH, and hence it could usefully be incorporated into the planning of future studies, correlating NOx with clinical outcome.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)71-76
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of the Neurological Sciences
Issue number1-2
StatePublished - Apr 15 2004


  • CSF
  • Nitrate
  • Nitrite
  • Oxyhemoglobin
  • Serum
  • Subarachnoid hemorrhage
  • Vanadium

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Aging
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Surgery
  • Developmental Neuroscience
  • Neurology
  • Neuroscience(all)


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