Cement use in total knee arthroplasty: 40 versus 80 grams

James A. O'Dowd, Kevin J. Park, Terry A. Clyburn, Thomas C. Sullivan, Bradley S. Lambert, Stephen J. Incavo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Background: Studies of cement use in total knee arthroplasty (TKA) have historically addressed mechanical properties and application strategies. Recently, cement technique has been studied as a means to reduce cost. We transitioned from opening two bags (80 grams) of cement to one bag (40 grams) of cement for primary TKA to improve cost efficacy. This study investigates the radiographic outcome and cost of TKAs performed with 40 versus 80 grams of cement. Methods: TKAs from January 2017 to January 2019 were evaluated. Cement mantle and implant alignment were assessed per the Modern Knee Society Radiographic Evaluation System at four months by three blinded reviewers. Data was analyzed according to quantity of cement used. Cement mantle quality at 16 implant zones was compared. Cost was evaluated. Results: 163 patients (age 66.8 yrs. +/− 8.9, 51.5% female) underwent TKA with 80 grams of cement, while 142 patients (age 67.1 yrs. +/− 9.3, 56.3% female) underwent TKA utilizing 40 grams of cement. There was no significant difference in cement mantle quality. The most common zone of cement deficiency was the femoral posterior flange (9% in 40 gram group versus 4% in 80 gram group, p value = 0.08). There was no difference in implant size. Cost saving was calculated at $7,810 for the 40 gram group. Conclusion: There was no difference in radiographic cement mantle appearance between primary knees performed with 40 or 80 grams of cement. Cement usage represents a target for cost saving and opportunity to increase the value of primary TKA. Based on the current incidence of TKA in the United States, cost savings could exceed 33 million dollars annually.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)110-117
Number of pages8
StatePublished - Aug 2021


  • Cement
  • Cost
  • Polymethylmethacrylate
  • Total knee arthroplasty
  • Value

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine


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