Cell cycle inhibition preserves endothelial function in genetically engineered rabbit vein grafts

Michael J. Mann, Gary H. Gibbons, Philip S. Tsao, Heiko E. Von Der Leyen, John P. Cooke, Ricardo Buitrago, Rachel Kernoff, Victor J. Dzau

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

100 Scopus citations

Abstract

We have recently shown that ex vivo gene therapy of rabbit autologous vein grafts with antisense oligodeoxynucleotides (AS ODN) blocking cell cycle regulatory gene expression inhibits not only neointimal hyperplasia, but also diet-induced, accelerated graft atherosclerosis. We observed that these grafts remained free of macrophage invasion and foam cell deposition. Since endothelial dysfunction plays an important role in vascular disease, the current study examined the effect of this genetic engineering strategy on graft endothelial function and its potential relationship to the engineered vessels' resistance to atherosclerosis. Rabbit vein grafts transfected with AS ODN against proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) and cell division cycle 2 (cdc2) kinase elaborated significantly more nitric oxide and exhibited greater vasorelaxation to both calcium ionophore and acetylcholine than did untreated or control ODN-treated grafts. This preservation of endothelial function was associated with a reduction in superoxide radical generation, vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 (VCAM-1) expression, and monocyte binding activity in grafts in both normal and hypercholesterolemic rabbits. Our data demonstrate that AS ODN arrest of vascular cell cycle progression results in the preservation of normal endothelial phenotype and function, thereby influencing the biology of the vessel wall towards a reduction of its susceptibility to occlusive disease.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1295-1301
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Clinical Investigation
Volume99
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 15 1997

Keywords

  • antisense oligonucleotides
  • cardiovascular surgery
  • cell cycle
  • endothelium
  • gene therapy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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