Allogeneic hemopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) is the only curative option for many patients with hematological malignancies. Since many of these patients lack HLA-identical sibling donors and are older or have comorbidity, a fully ablative HSCT is not feasible and an alternative approach is required. We studied 22 consecutive patients who could not have myeloablative conditioning because of comorbidity or age - 21/22 being over the age of 50 years (median 58 years range 20-70 years). A conditioning regimen consisting of fludarabine, total body radiation 450 cGy and alemtuzumab (CD52mAb) was used for 15 patients. A second group of seven patients received CD45 monoclonal antibodies in addition. Unrelated donor stem cells were HLA matched (15 patients - 68%) or one locus mismatched (seven patients - 32%). In all, 16 patients had high-risk disease, including 12 with active malignancy at the time of transplant. With a median follow-up of 715 (216-1470) days, nonrelapse mortality, actuarial event-free and overall survival is 27, 45 and 45%, respectively. Hence the outcome of reduced intensity HSCT with lymphodepleting antibodies in older patients with intermediate/high-risk hematological malignancies appears comparable to that obtained with fully ablative transplantation in younger patients, even when these older recipients lack HLA-identical sibling donors.
- Reduced intensity hemopoietic cell transplantation
- Unrelated donors
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