CD30 is a surface marker for neoplastic cells of Hodgkin's lymphoma and shows sequence homology to members of the tumor necrosis factor (TNF) receptor superfamily. Using a chimeric probe consisting of the extracellular domain of CD30 fused to truncated immunoglobulin heavy chains, we expression cloned the cDNA cognate from the murine T cell clone 7B9. The encoded protein is a 239 amino acid type II membrane protein whose C-terminal domain shows significant homology to TNFα, TNFβ, and the CD40L. Cross-hybridization to an induced peripheral blood T cell cDNA library yielded the human homolog, which is 72% identical at the amino acid level. The recombinant human ligand enhances the proliferation of CD3-activated T cells yet induces differential responses, including cell death, in several CD30+ lymphoma-derived clones. The human and murine genes map to 9q33 and the proximal region of chromosome 4, respectively.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)