Abstract

The cavernous sinus comprises multiple trabeculated venous channels that contain portions of the ocular motor cranial nerves (cranial nerves three, four, and six), the first and second divisions of the trigeminal nerve, the internal carotid artery, and the ocular sympathetic nerves. Symptoms of cavernous sinus lesions include any limitation of ocular movement, facial pain or numbness, partial or complete ptosis, dilated pupil, or Horner's syndrome. A variety of pathological entities are known to affect the cavernous sinus including inflammatory, neoplastic, and vascular diseases. The article that follows is a brief introduction to the symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment of cavernous sinus disorders.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationEncyclopedia of the Neurological Sciences
PublisherElsevier Inc.
Pages624-627
Number of pages4
ISBN (Electronic)9780123851574
ISBN (Print)9780123851581
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2014

Keywords

  • Carotid cavernous fistula
  • Cavernous sinus
  • Cerebral aneurysm
  • Cranial Nerves
  • Facial pain
  • Headache
  • Meningioma
  • Ophthalmoplegia
  • Tolosa-Hunt

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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